The Rise of Boardgame in Chinese Culture & History

Responding to the problem “How to gamble in Chinese culture?” For example, it is unique to understand whether in the excerpts of the Kongcu doctrine for his students, how is Kongcu’s theory of gambling? Also in Tao Te Ching, is there a particular doctrine of Laocu regarding gambling.

In Daodejing there are no gambling problems. In Rujia, as far as I know, there is no gambling problem. Although there are legends that write Majiang / Mahjong made by Kongzi himself. Based on the information from me, it’s just a legend because the Majesty is a change from Ma Diao Pai which was popular in the Ming era.

Gambling is classified into 5 “negative” habits, namely: chi (lit: eat, cont: spree), he (lit: drink, cont: drunk), piao (prostitute), du (gambling) and yan (smoking and opium). The so-called five negative habits are in any culture. It’s just that there are those who do not permit religious rules and there are those who forbid it by state rules.
Now China is unique, where other nations carry the name of religion to not allow five poisons in China to use state rules. Those who study Ru and Dao should know that the five poisons are inhibiting the use of Xian and junzi. So the five toxins are excesses of habit, not their own culture.

Throughout Chinese history, the kingdom has often sought to establish anti-gambling regulations. Of course with results that could be said to be nonexistent. Because self-government officials usually gamble (there are Han records that pronounce officials convicted of gambling).

Gambling is even the most popular among the poor. The majority of Chinese people throughout history are poor people who must work hard to live. Gambling is a very available escape because other entertainment drains money without the opportunity that money can return or generate money again.

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Commercialization of gambling itself opened in the Tang era while the various forms of the game began to be developed during the Song and reached its peak in the Ming period.

The rich people in Jiangnan (Kanglam) do not invest a little in the form of gambling houses. In Qing, Guangdong, and Fujian, two provinces were very prominent in gambling. And from there also some large Chinese Indonesians came from.

Regarding gambling at the castle wedding party, David Kwa once wrote that the purpose of gambling was to help the party holding the party. So the results of the betting are donated to family parties. If it is now another aim, it seems that it is cultural degradation.

People who hold weddings and mourning again often have activities that can be laden for a day or even two days and after that mourning can take more than two days? Now what people who want to look after are searching for. What entertainment is most suitable? Are they playing marbles? Well playing gamble, of course. In the past, when mourning was not placed in the house of mourning, but at home alone and even marriage was held at home. So it must dig volunteers into wanting to take part in escorting the house.

That’s the reason !! Not for collecting pots. Many are rich families if they hold a wedding or mourn there is a judicial program. Chinese-style gambling is unique, not a few who have to muster minds like mahjong who think more. The Hokie element certainly exists but not primarily. The most important thing is how to build the card that you get.

In the game “capsa” which can be said to be a big evolution of poker games. The game of thick poker is part of the gambling while in the “capsa” game all players must assume that they compose a card and listen to the opponent’s cards. Poker can play bluffing while capsa how to bully? Also pay attention to the dominoes originating from China, where cards that are thrown must still be counted. The derivative of this game called the cue or ceme is gambling.

In mainland China itself after the republic period, the gambling center shifted to Shanghai. After gongchandang came to power, large-scale gambling was repressed. But in the present time, listen, because there are already a few who have money to Macao or abroad to gamble. Also not a few are chasing gambling in other formats: stock exchanges and lotteries.

Four Factors of Someone’s Ethnicity According to Chinese People

Confused also distinguishes someone Chinese Full-blooded or Babah (descendants).

Some people assume that full-blooded is still the one who shoots directly, while the offspring are those who have sprung up here. Also, there were also colleagues who based on language (culture) as a measure to separate a full-blooded or hybrid person, those who still spoke Chinese (both Mandarin and dialect) were grouped as full-blooded, those who did not talk to Chinese were descendants. Likewise, those who always practice the Chinese tradition including full-blooded, the opposite of those who have forgotten the Chinese culture is hybrid.

However, the size turned out to be ambiguous too. Because the Chinese language that is used daily has not been slightly mixed or blended with local vocabulary, as pointed out by Hen Yung’s friend, that even though it still speaks Chinese, the Chinese community in Melaka uses Auntie and Uncle’s kinship, as does the Chinese community in West Kalimantan, also though they speak Hakka (khek) and Tio ciu, in their daily talks they are not often tucked into sayings like TAK KAN (won’t). SA BUN (soap) etc.

Likewise with tradition and culture, which allegedly as Chinese tradition turned out to be not 100% pure Chinese, had not adapted a bit to local traditions, for example, Cio Tao wedding ceremonies, Gambang Kromong music, cooking, and snacks, etc. already not a few local elements are contained in it.

However, on a daily basis, dialogues are often heard as follows: “Si A is even though both parents are still” imported, “but it seems that they are still not quite full compared to the B who has a Native grandmother, the proof is that he has wanted it Tiam Hio is again at home, while B’s let the combined blood still diligently go to the temple? ” or “Even though you can speak Mandarin, but the C seems to be still defeated by full-blooded and D, which even though you can’t get Mandarin, but still run the Chinese tradition”

Well, the terms “Full-blooded Lack” and “Kalah Full-blooded” in the dialogue above indicate that the paradigm of “FULL-BLOODED” and “HYBRID” is not absolute categories that demand Black-and-white assertiveness with a unique line of demarcation between this and that (This or That), but a symptom that graded between one pole (Full-blooded) and the other pole (Hybrid).

There are not a few variants and derivatives between the two poles. People do not uncommonly appoint examples of these variants that Indonesian Chinese are less full-blooded than Malaysian Chinese; and one of the Indonesian Chinese itself also has its gradations, for example, Medan Chinese or West Kalimantan Chinese more full-blooded than Chinese on Java. Even on the level of individual individuals can also be distinguished from the like-minded gradations shown through the dialogue above.

Then, the question is what is used as a benchmark to submit the verdict as above? Again, the criteria are culture (which includes language, tradition, etc.) as has been warmly debated by colleagues here. But not only that, similar to what some colleagues have stated, if the size is language (culture) then it is possible for those who are not Chinese but fluent in Mandarin to become more full-blooded than those who are still Chinese but (due to certain reasons) no longer cultured and speak Chinese !! ??

To emerge from the state of confusion, there is a theory that explains that one’s ethnicity is determined by 4 factors, namely BIOLOGICAL, CULTURAL, SELF IDENTIFICATION, and ACCEPTABILITY.

  • BIOLOGICAL: One of the (and foremost) things that assess a person’s ethnicity is from the ethnic parents he was born with.
  • CULTURAL: Different factors that are not less important are categorized into a group of ethnicities, “How little is the inheritance of the ancestors who are internalized into their souls.” This must be separated from those who are non-Chinese but through learning can master the habits and fluent Chinese language , but it is not certain to inspire and carry the heritage of ancestral traditions.
  • SELF IDENTIFICATION: This Self Identification is no less important to assess one’s ethnicity. This factor is closely related to the cultural matters above, the more and less Chinese heritage inherited in him, the more powerful his intention to identify himself as a Chinese is a social loyalty rounded up through collective memories of their culture, traditions, social patterns.
  • ACCEPTABILITY: How high is acceptability (acceptance) of ethnic groups to someone who identifies themselves is one of the determinants of ethnicity.

The Meaning of a Number According to Feng Shui Even the Meaning of Your Mobile Number

There is an unlucky number, and there must be a lucky number.

And not a few Chinese people who most believe in this figure, even a number of them can be very fanatical about certain numbers. What does feng shui mean a good fortune in Chinese belief?

Reported from, there are not a few numbers that are felt like good luck according to information from feng shui. Figures 8, 18, 28, 38, 48, 54, 68, 80, 84, 88, 99, 168 and 108 are numbers that are felt as numbers that will bring good luck to their owners.

The reason behind these numbers is that there is an 8 part in it. And number 8 is a good number because the pronunciation in Chinese sounds like ‘faat’ which means prosperity and abundance. You can find the name like fun88, win88 or agen88 which those are provider of online gambling and judi sbobet terpercaya, the number is become more important in gambling world, because gambling itself is consider 80% of luck.

Besides, the format of number 8 that is connected uninterruptedly means that their prosperity will continue, not as continuous as the number 8.

Many Chinese are the most fanatic with the number 8, and they will choose urgent numbers with the number 8 in it. For example, you are selecting a mobile number with the suffix 8, or car number plate 88.

Several cellphone numbers with not a few numbers 8 in it are marketed at the most expensive price. However, this number is still sold because the owner aspires that they will get prosperity and good luck continuously.

Besides that, numbers are interesting and certainly a matter of life, because everything in this world can almost be counted. Based on information from Feng Shui, where Feng in other words Direction and Shui Water (Place), which can be interpreted as a prediction or analysis of the location or direction of several spatial layouts, numbers that are splashed into the environment daily can be a fortune for someone who uses it.

For example, a mobile number, car number, house number, etc. Some people believe that a lucky number (Lucky Number is not a pretty number), can change their life’s fortune. So people incessantly choose lucky numbers and if necessary dig up lucky and pretty numbers. But some people select beautiful numbers but in other words, are not shinny.

In the way of feng shui calculation, the numbers can be interpreted to be this:

  • Number 0: Special, Special, Rare
  • Number 1: One, Only, Me, Myself
  • Number 2: Easy, Easy, Not difficult
  • Number 3: Find, get, live
  • Number 4: Dead, Poor, Difficult
  • Number 5: Never, never, you can’t
  • Number 6: Heading, Will
  • Number 7: Exactly, Lucky, Certainly, or Can be called divine.
  • Number 8: Prosperous
  • Number 9: Long, Success, Long

The results of a combination of numbers can also mean a variety, according to the meaning of Feng Shui for example:

  • Number 328: Finding facilities to prosper.
  • Number 28: Easy to prosper.
  • Number 54: It will not be difficult; it will not be poor.
  • Number 78: It must be prosperous.
  • Number 88: Double assets,
  • Number 888: Rich in terms of the heavens, the earth, and its people
  • Number 889: Wealth gradually leads to prosperity
  • Number 999: Continuous glory
  • Number 389: A new beginning will finally succeed
  • Number 168: Inline leads to wealth
  • Number 369: New things will gradually succeed

The combination of long numbers according to information from Feng Shui

  • 99991111: I succeeded / the only one who succeeded
  • 99992222: Easy to achieve success
  • 99993333: Getting success
  • 99996666: Towards success
  • 99997777: Lucky forever and ever
  • 99998888: The development of his success is endless
  • 99999888: growing continuously
  • 99997788: It must be prosperous
  • 99998899: Eternal prosperity
  • 99996789: Will be shinny and prosper in the old times
  • 99991819: The only prosperous and successful
  • 99998989: Eternal well-being
  • 99992012: 2012 the year of the water dragon
  • 99999991: I succeeded / the only one who succeeded
  • 99999992: Easy success

Results from a combination of numbers shunned:

  • Number 64: in other words, it will be poor.
  • Number 74: in other words, it must be poor.
  • Number 58: in other words, it will not prosper.
  • Number 24: in other words, it easily dies.
  • Number 34: in other words, life is difficult.

The figures that are felt lucky in Feng Shui is something that has a psychological nature without containing a real influence in our lives. In fact, our lucky or good luck is not seldom determined from the three types of good luck that is heaven, earth, and human fortune. Moreover, people always put numbers as a luck sign when playing poker, if they got eight of spades, they brain would think that this game can be won, it’s all in their mind.

When you want to find a number for a number of specific purposes, like no. Telephone or no. Hp is not uncommon to look for numbers that are easily memorized both for ourselves and for others so that your identity is easy to recognize by each person.

The Story Behind the Cheongsam Red Shirt during Chinese New Year

Traditional Chinese clothes or cheongsams are often used when Chinese New Year or Chinese New Year. A long, tight red dress with hemispheres to half of this iconic thigh is also known as Qipao.

The Cheongsam is a traditional Chinese costume that was created in 1920 in Shanghai. This shirt is a symbol of social learning space that comes from upper-class women.

At that time, Chinese women were enjoying a fresh breeze from gender equality, where they began to be exposed to receive an education. Slowly, this growth began to touch the world of fashion. Sophisticated Chinese women started to have the freedom to choose their fashion tastes.

Cheongsam or Qipao is a dress that forms the body feels ideal to be a symbol of dressing a modern woman. Cheongsam clothes are now often used by women during Chinese New Year celebrations. No wonder, if now the meaning for the younger generation has been degraded because it is better known as Imlek clothes.

Following the growth of the times, Cheongsam clothes also went through many changes and designs even though they retained their original format and character. The influential red color of the Cheongsam also adds to the aura of a woman wearing it. The red color in the Chinese tradition describes happiness. One of the safest designs is the unique collar and one of the characteristics of the Cheongsam or Qipao.

So, what is the long history of Cheongsam or Qipao that makes it enduring and still used today?

Use when Chinese New Year and other big events

Cheongsam has never been absent in each annual event like Chinese New Year or important day involving a large family gathering. Qipao is also used for wedding dresses in China, of course, with so many variations of designs that are growing.

Later, the Cheongsam was used by mothers of officials at state meetings. Thus, it is recommended that Cheongsam be a national dress. Some of its reference would be on Chinese Movie where many of it telling about gambling, most of the iconic role is Ko Chun alias God of Gambler played by Chow Yun Fat. Although many of real gambling company nowadays move to digital channel like Indomaxbet from Indonesia, but the environment of playing casino on the spot is still entertaining.

Changing world fashion growth

The clothes from the ancient Nuzhen tribe mix in Chinese culture. Even its existence is now among the parts of world fashion growth.

Many fashion-dwelling locations in Europe that peek at original Cheongsam designs are applied to their fashion sense. That’s why Qipao doesn’t find it with ‘American touch’ or ‘Qipao with a European touch.’

Issue of Racism

Unfortunately, this shirt that is the pride of Chinese women is reluctant to be declared by all fashion houses as an element of Chinese fashion. Issues such as racism are still the thickest, and this has an impact on the difficulty of the modern tongue of western habits, alluding to the real name of the Cheongsam.

In its official website, Nova Fashion blatantly alludes to Qipao-like dresses with the designation ‘Blockin’ Haters Dress.’ This also happens in many retailers who sell similar dresses.

Reformation once sold mini-cutting Qipao Leopard with Chinese red hook buttons. Unfortunately, they allude to this beautiful dress as May Dress. Equipped with three money with ASOS, a Qipao with a beautiful floral motif is named ”Miss Selfridge dress with all over floral embroidery.”

This phenomenon created Leanna Chan furiously. Citizens of Asian descent who have settled abroad have criticized the actions of retailers who feel unreasonable. Leanna Chan revealed the design of the clothes picked by the retailers had the name Cheongsam or Qipao. The honor of the hearts of Chinese citizens who have now been traced without acknowledgment. Only mentioning Cheongsam or Qipao is pretty good at the explanation of the shirt, so everything is more beautiful.

That is the history of the Cheongsam or Qipao and its development in the world of fashion today. Hopefully, it will function for those of you who want to find out more about the Chinese customs in this Year of the Pigs Year.

Do not Originally Clench, and This Is the Meaning Behind Chinese Greetings

This Chinese New Year celebration is always synonymous with the words “Gong Xi Fat Choi” and the distribution of Angpao.

Before getting Angpao, unmarried relatives will approach relatives who are married, handing over words like “gong xi fat choi.” Both hands clenched in front of the chest. In Chinese tradition, this business is known as “pie.”

“Pai” is also known as “soja.” This ritual contains traditional Chinese philosophy, which is little or no influenced by Confucian philosophy. Hands clenching in front of the chest have their meaning.

Pies are not carried out only during Chinese New Year. It is carried out whenever Chinese wishes to do respect, can while bowing or kneeling, can be carried out when passing until praying.

Traditionally, the right-hand position when doing pie is clenching the right hand in front of the chest, then wrapped with the palm of the left hand.

Not meant to be sexy, but this is a manifestation of Chinese philosophy. Men (left hand) are felt to play a role in protecting women (right hand). This philosophy also materialized in the position of a lion statue in front of the temple, the location where the worship of Confucian people lived. As most of Chinese people are truly believe in their Ancestors philosophy, that’s why it also applied in gambling perspective. The position of man and woman when sitting in the gambling table also matters and transparently regulated by the house rule. In sports book gambling, they also consider the feng shui when choosing the right team when betting in agen bola terpercaya deposit 50rb which provide all the sports match in Asia also in China.

“On the left side of the temple is the figure of a male lion holding the globe, while on the right side is the figure of the female who oversees her child,” said a mentor at the Fort Heritage Museum who did not want to be pronounced KompasTravel, Tuesday (01/29/2019).

Meanwhile, the thumb position should be raised, with the right thumb position not much lower. That way, both of them will arrange the “ren” kanji, which means people. Also, “ren” can also mean “love” as well as “humanity.”

Not only that, four right fingers and four left fingers that touch each other represent every four values ​​for men and women.

“Xiao, ti, Zhong, xin. Dedicated, humble, loyal, and trustworthy, that is the use of men, “said Oey Tjin Eng (75), a former Boent Tek Bio public relations officer, Tangerang, for KompasTravel on the same day.

Tjin Eng, who is now active in the Khongcu Bio Temple, also recited four other values ​​that must be held by women, “Li, Yi, Shu, Zi. Understand moral, fair, holy or forgiving, shameless. ”

In its tradition, pie positions also vary depending on status. If the position of the other person is lower, then the pie is below the chest; if equal, then equivalent chest pies; if it’s older, then pie above the chest or in front of the face.

This is the Meaning of Body Language When Saying Gong Xi Fa Cai

It turned out that there was a spectacular meaning in the Chinese body language when delivering a happy Chinese New Year.

Before delivering Gong Xi Fa Cai’s sentence, they often clenched their fists and put them on their foreheads, which were followed by bowing.

Gong Xi, Fa Cai, is a sentence read by Chinese people when they congratulate the Chinese New Year, in the dating of Chinese society, which means prosperity hopefully. So what does this gesture mean?

Based on information from the Tri Dharma Public Relations Place (TITD) Pay Lien San Temple, Yap Swee Liong, Monday (08/02/2016), this attitude has meaning in life as harmony in thinking, speaking and behaving.

“The thumb and finger of the right hand is a symbol of the mother, while the left hand is a symbol of the father,” he said while demonstrating the hand folds typical of ethnic Thai greetings.

In the greeting, both palms clench with the position of the thumb stand, then the location of the left-hand palm is outside by covering the right-hand palm. Meanwhile, the two thumbs converge to form a cone.

Based on information from him, the right palm that was clenched was interpreted as a working mother, while the left palm as a protecting father. The meeting of the two thumbs that make up the cone is like a meeting between father and mother so that they arrange the family.

“After clenching, then put it on the forehead, then mouth and finally put on the chest,” he explained.

Placement of hands on the forehead, said Yap Swee Liong, reflects a person’s mind, which is continued by the mouth as a sign that the mind with words must be in rhythm.

While laying a fist on the chest, it means that one’s feelings are manifested in attitude.

“So the meaning is that our thoughts, words, and actions can be harmonious, which hopes that someone’s life can take place well,” he explained.

While bowing, continued Yap Swie Liong, was the last move of the greeting. “Which has the meaning of respecting other people,” he concluded.

When Chinese Philosopher Lao Tzu Speaks About Love

Strength and courage become something very urgent in anyone’s life. For Lao Tzu, the two adjectives are closely related to love.

A feeling of being immensely liked will create someone reliable. Vice versa, if we want something or someone, those feelings encourage you to have courage.

Just try feeling it yourself. When you are enjoying love, you can feel healthy, even courage, for example, sick people. His enthusiasm for being healthy and recovering from time to time often arises when his girlfriend visits suffering. There is a language of love behind a visit for someone sick. So is the problem of courage. There are even the most bombastic words, “love conquerors all,” love surpasses everything. Including fear. Very naturally if the above quote recites that feeling very like someone will invite the arrival of courage.

That is what the meaning of Lao Tzu’s words was like. In addition to the spelling of Lao Tzu, Indonesian and world literature also called it spelling Lao Tse, Laotze, and Lao Zi. This name is not a real name. In language, Lao Tzu is a calling for greatness that can mean “old masters,” “old sons,” “old friends” and “the old teacher.” I don’t know what his real name is, which of course he is a classical Chinese philosopher whose thoughts provoked Taoism. Many Chinese historical documents recite that Lao Tzu has sprung up in the Kingdom of the Chu, which is now Lu District in Henan Province, China.

Reportedly, a book about the doctrine of Taoism (Tao Te Ching) written more than 2,000 years ago emerged from the thought of this high figure. Some recite that the book is a book from China which is at least translated and read abroad. Of course, the affair happened because the contents of the book containing the teachings of life were so full of meaning and depth. Its contents are entire of enthusiasm that teaches human beings to become great individuals and guard the harmony of experience with the universe.

In terms of thinking, Lao Tzu’s ideas are challenging in four fields: one, about the Tao (something that is eternal and the cause of everything); second, concerning natural law that does not change; third concerning politics; and the fourth is about human behavior. Quotes about life and love above must include this last element.

Supposedly, the sayings of classical Chinese thinkers, known as Lao Tzu, are not least true to reflect on the present times which have begun to diminish in morality because of the sophisticated influence of today.

A Short Concept of Yin and Yang in the Doctrine of Taoism (道教)

Taoism (Chinese: 道教 or 道家) also known as Daoism, was initiated by Laozi (老子: pinyin: Lǎozǐ) since the end of the Chunqiu Period which lived in 604-517 BC or the 6th century BC.

Taoism is the Laozi doctrine according to Daode Jing (道德 經, pinyin: Dàodé Jīng). The famous Laozi follower is Zhuangzi (莊子) who is the author of a book entitled Zhuangzi.

Taoism is a school of philosophy originating from China. Taoism is a year old, and the roots of thought have existed before the time of Confucius. This can be called the initial stage of Taoism. The more systematic form of Taoism and the form of philosophical flow was present around the 3rd century BC. In addition to the school of philosophy, Taoism also appeared in the format of popular religion which began to develop 2 centuries after the growth of Taoist philosophy.

Taoism is often called Tao. Tao is the leading force in the universe that is in all things, in the core of all things in heaven and on earth, eternal and can not change. The Taoist name is taken from Chinese letters which, in other words, the road. According to written sources, it is common for Taoism to be believed to have originated from the Yellow Emperor (Wang).

The Taoist founder was an experienced person who thought that China was familiar with the name “Lao Tse” (old gurub) which was allegedly born in 600 BC to coincide with the third year of King King Ting of your dynasty. He served as Superintendent of Archive Affairs at the Imperial Library. Lao Tse with his diligence in studying ancient books and then formed his own opinion about religion and philosophy which at the time was unique in the attention of those who studied it. When he was 90 years old, he concluded to leave the activity as an official employee of the kingdom to then travel to all countries to avoid the actions of the king whom he considered dalalistic and cruel.

The Concept Of Yin Yang

Yin and that is a principle of polarity that moves cyclically and progressively in developing life in this world. The Taoists illustrate this principle with an exciting story about a farmer who lost his horse. At dusk, a farmer was met by a neighbor after he lost his horse. The neighbor told the farmer that he felt lousy luck.

The farmer wrote, “just maybe.” The next day the lost horse returned, and he took with him six wild horses. His neighbor saw the affair by writing that the farmer was feeling good fortune. The farmer wrote “maybe.” The next day, the farmer’s son attempted to climb among the wild horses that had belonged to him, but he fell and broke his leg.

His neighbor came home again and expressed his sympathy for the tragedy that had befallen his son. The farmer back wrote “maybe.” The day after, the military officer had to come and bring all the boys to become soldiers, but the farmer’s son was not taken because he broke his leg. The neighbor came home and revealed what was happening to the farmer. The farmer also said “maybe.”

From this story, it is clear that there are luck and misfortune that flow without having to be thought out or planned. No one can be sure whether or not tomorrow will feel bad luck or luck. Everything Tao regulates.

In ancient Chinese customs, the principle of polarity is yin and that are the basic principles of their lives. The power to be able to maintain growth and then develop it comes from empirical processing with that principle. Times full of suffering that occurs never create them disappointed or frustrated but makes them cling to the more certain desires that someday there will be happiness. Their purpose in developing this principle is merely to explore their livelihood, namely the calculation in farming and fishers.

This calculation in subsequent growth developed into a knowledge of counting days, horoscopes, and so on. Many teachings, especially Taoism have not little developed the principle that has been very fundamental in Chinese culture. Lao Tzu without knowing the law of yin that would not possibly invite people to go home united with nature. Yin Yang and Taoism, philosophically and practically, have complementary properties.

Yin and that means the dark side and the bright side of a hill. The hill that is illuminated by the sun in the morning and afternoon will cause a bright and dark side. Yin and yang are two life principles that are complementary, interdependent, influence each other, and give each other harmony in each living space that is not often the opposite. Yin and that is often associated with feminine and masculine principles, weak and strong, dark and light, falling and awakening, earth and sky, and the like.

The Yin-Yang Principle is also the art of living for Chinese people. This art lies in trying to maintain one with different equilibrium which is naturally opposite each other. Alan Watts, in his book Tao: The Watercourse Way, knows this principle as negation and not a contradiction or conflict.

This principle always disputes differently and not fighting. Chinese people can live up to this principle when they know the motion of the wind, tides, waves, weather, and many other natural principles. This is a balanced life trailing nature. Humans cannot fight nature, but can only follow and obey it. In this matter, the Tao principle, with lias the pattern, becomes a way.

The central relationship between yin and what is called Hsiang sheng is a pattern of mutual development that cannot be separated from one another. Lao Tzu in the Tao Te Ching 2 also revealed it.

… which exists and which does not create each other.
It’s hard and easy to support each other …
Before and after following each other …

Adi, exists and is absent, ambiguous and comfortable, before and after it is different, but cannot be separated. They are interdependent entities. Also, there won’t be an end where one will win from the other. Yin and yang for Alan Watts are connoted as ‘lovers wrestling’ rather than ‘enemy fighting.’

This means yin, and that is not at all empty spaces, but an area that has different points that meet and complement each other. Yin and those who never lose each other defeat, but negate each other like the two opposing individuals love each other. So then, yin yang is not an empty principle at all, but a king, a void that has meaning.

This kind of understanding is the same as in Tao where “tangible” and “intangible” play a role in developing life.

Humans around the fingers of a wheel,
and that is the center
who can create a walking train

we work with existing,
but none that you use

Alan Watts also added that the principle of yin and that could not be called a dualism. This principle is an implicit expression of the duality of unity. The unity of these two principles is not contradictory, but there is an attachment of love. Then with this principle, people can increasingly realize their weaknesses and advantages.

Humans must know and learn to collaborate with nature if humans want to live and develop. The principle of yin and that creates awareness of the person that man and nature are one and have the same path, namely the Tao.

History of Taoism in Chinese Tradition and Culture

Taoist Religion is a religion originating from China.

From the data available, the Religion of Religion is one of the oldest religions in the world, generally stated to have existed since 7000 years ago, and even the religion adopted by the majority of Chinese people. This is illustrated by the famous LU XUN article, where he noted that the Taoist Religion was the religion and main root of Chinese culture. Generally, Taoism is believed: Originating from the Yellow Emperor (Wang Di), developed by Lao Zi and organized into a comprehensive religious institution (Taoist Religion) by Zhang Tao Ling.

Taoism has contributed to guarding harmony in living in China for thousands of years. It has also provided no small contribution to the civilization of literature, culture, astronomy, medicine, philosophy, and ways of assuming the Chinese community wherever they are.

In the time of FU XI during 5000 BC, FU XI had used the theory and calculation of BA-KUA (Eight Quarters) to declare about the Astronomical system, assessing urgent matters related to the predictions of one’s life, and assessing ritual ways of worshiping Gods. /Goddess. Until the time of WANG DI (Yellow Emperor) 2698 BC, theories began to be proposed about fundamental rules and theories about the problems of life and death. WANG DI is the first person who runs his government according to the TAO doctrine.

Since WANG DI until the next 1500 years, each leader who replaced other leaders not infrequently ruled his community with the theory of WANG DI doctrine, between differences: Respect THIAN and uphold courtesy in society (WANG IN ZHI TAO / Philosophy of doctrine WANG IN )

At the time of the Chow Kingdom Dynasty, there was a wise man who had a big name, LAO ZI. He once served as an official who guarded and cared for a library of books belonging to the Chow kingdom. Because of this, he has the opportunity to listen to all the books and master the theories taught by WANG DI.

This created him the most flattering of the glory of nature who had lived all living things, classified as humans, but he also taught that behind all that there must be someone who created it who had the supreme nature; Maha Mulia and Maha Esa, it is only confusing for him to submit the proper designation or name for this great Creator of the Universe. Finally, LAO ZI borrows the word “TAO,” to give the name to “SOURCE” of everything made in this universe. Based on information from LAO ZI; TAO is the source of the creation of everything in the world.

The way he thought he was far ahead of his time, multiplied his teachings which upheld goodness and rebellious barbarity, then finally the LAO ZI doctrine together with WANG DI doctrine was known to people as the Teachings of WANG-LAO (WANG-LAO TAO / Doctrine of Wang Di and Lao Zi) until now. The teachings of Wang-Lao (Wang-Lao Tao) are increasingly developing and rooted in the hearts of the people, the end of which is practiced by almost every learned person and scholar of that era, one of whom is CHUANG ZI.

The worship of LAO ZI has been opened since the JIN HAN Dynasty when religious activities and religious rituals have developed in such a way. In the days of the Western Han, people lived prosperous and sentimental thanks to all the royal leaders adhering to and carrying out the WANG-LAO TAO doctrine.

When I arrived in the Eastern Han era (Tong Han), there was a person named Zhang Tao Ling who thoroughly studied all the doctrines of TAO and the knowledge of Deity, he also succeeded in making sortings and arranging the rules for ceremonial ways to TAO Agamaan, teaches how to draw HU and mentions it in standard books for teaching purposes for followers. So that a TAO-based religious organization was formed which was united ever since. Furthermore, all of his spiritual work is not often officially used the name AGO TAO. His followers are named as TAO SHI people.

Zhang Tao Ling also used another name, besides Taoist Religion, namely Thian Zhi TAO and especially active in the Si Chuan region, his successors also spread TAO religion in Jiang Si region in the Long Hu San / Naga Harimau area, next to the southern part of the Zhang river Jiang. Since then TAO Religion does not often teach people to cultivate and possess qualities that are honest, sincere and compassionate, and do not hurt others.

People if they are sick or guilty, if they want to recover and ask for help in TAO Religion, then they are obliged to admit one time or wrong actions, then they will be given healing or advice and even invited. Semedi and introspection for healing him. TAO religion teaches explicitly the nature of Qing Jing Wu Wei, a trait in which people are advised not to try often to do something for the common good, but still guard a sincere mental attitude with no strings attached.

Besides that, it is also not uncommon for people to be introspective in their efforts to order the community to be able to maintain the harmony of their lives. Such characteristics are the difference between contributing to the building of temples that can be used to stay for people who are traveling far away, and to spend free food for those who stay there, all of which aim to serve and facilitate the people of their time, so that the most get support from all walks of life.

In the era of the TANG Dynasty, TAO Religion grew rapidly, to the point that the king decided to have exclusive officials at the level of the Minister to take care of all the problems associated with Tao Kuan and Klenteng that were present at the time. Besides, each year there is also a kind of exam to bring people who are experienced in Taoist knowledge (The term XIAN SIEK POK SHI = Professor of Religion in Taoist Religion), as a legitimate advisor to the kingdom. This situation continued until the Song Dynasty, the kings and families of the monarchs generally all followed the Taoist religion, to the point that it could be said that it was the golden age for TAO religion at that time.

History writes that in the era of the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty, not a few produced the Tao Shi (TAO Priest / Expert Religion) who was very wise and capable, where their stories could not be found in books that record TAO Religion.

In the CIN Dynasty, there were three new TAO religious schools in northern China, namely: QUAN ZHEN stream; ZHEN DA Flow; DAI YI flow. Among the three streams, QUAN ZHEN TAO JIAO (TAO Religion of QUAN ZHEN stream) developed very rapidly and had the most influence. It was from QUAN ZHEN TAO JIAO that there was a figure who had the name JIU JU CIE, he was the one who in the YUAN Dynasty successfully influenced and instructed Raja YUAN, JENGIS KHAN, to accept and believe in the TAO Religious doctrine.

At the end of the YUAN Dynasty, the popularity of TAO Religion began to decline in the royal family, to the extent that there were incidents of burning of TAO Religion books, this affair was undoubtedly the most detrimental to the image and raised the anger of the TAO Religion in the future. This situation was exploited by CU YUAN CHANG to immediately gain community support to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty and uphold the Ming Dynasty.

After CU YUAN CHANG succeeded in utilizing the TAO Religion community in upholding the MING kingdom, he deeply understood that TAO Religion most confirmed the virtues and virtues and most Anti-Dictatorship (because dictatorships are very contrary to nature), this matter was most feared by CU YUAN CHANG, because he actually preferred to exercise his power in Tyranny.

So in public Cu Yuan Chang seemed very supportive of the development of TAO Religion, but secretly he struggled to do all the techniques to reduce TAO Religion, this was proven because Cu Yuan Chang finally only allowed TAO Religion to spread the doctrine of worship methods/ceremonies Gods and Goddesses as well as stories about the Science of Deity, but it is absolutely forbidden to teach philosophy and science from a deeper TAO Religion.

This certainly hit the TAO religion growth the most and stimulated the development of negative consequences for the image of TAO Religion in the future. When the kingdom of MAN QING colonized China and upheld the Kingdom of QING, as colonizers, they were most afraid of the doctrine of the Religion of TAO which was very populist and supported the Policy and Freedom and anti-dictatorship.

So they also forbid the effort to spread the true TAO philosophy and religious science doctrine, but intentionally ignored those on behalf of TAO Religion to accentuate Superstition, wandering around to cover the heresy among members of the community with TAO slanderous religion destinations, such people are often called Wu Bo (Female Shaman) or Shen Han (Male Shaman).

Therefore since then, the image of the TAO Religion has become the ugliest and outdated, the impact is felt for an extended period of time, now there are still some educated people, who have not understood what TAO Religion really is, quickly underestimating TAO Religion as a Religion have superstitious and outdated nature, because basically, they have not been able to distinguish between Tao Shi and shaman.

Thankfully it fits with civilization, lately the whole has begun to change in a positive direction, all followers of the Religion of TAO have started to realize the mistake of their silence around it, to the extent that TAO people began to improve themselves and diligently spread the TAO Religious doctrine the truth is, even though it still has to face not a few obstacles in the field.

Usually, Tao is divided into two parts, namely north and south elements. Tao in the North is like what is in Hu Bei Province, namely Wu Dang San. This group includes a group of QUAN ZHEN which is not married. The southern Taoist element is between Long Hu San, which consists of the IE PAI CEN group and may have a family.

Outside of China and Taiwan, there are some countries where the people of TAO Religion are the most active and developing, among others: Singapore, Korea, Japan, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, etc. Tao’s religion entered Indonesia was opened by Chinese people who came to Indonesia. When they arrived, they brought the beliefs and traditions of the Taoist Religion and upheld the temples where the gods were worshiped. Many temples that are hundreds of years old, even those that are more than three hundred years old and until now still not a few people who pray there.