The Rise of Boardgame in Chinese Culture & History
Responding to the problem “How to gamble in Chinese culture?” For example, it is unique to understand whether in the excerpts of the Kongcu doctrine for his students, how is Kongcu’s theory of gambling? Also in Tao Te Ching, is there a particular doctrine of Laocu regarding gambling.
In Daodejing there are no gambling problems. In Rujia, as far as I know, there is no gambling problem. Although there are legends that write Majiang / Mahjong made by Kongzi himself. Based on the information from me, it’s just a legend because the Majesty is a change from Ma Diao Pai which was popular in the Ming era.
Gambling is classified into 5 “negative” habits, namely: chi (lit: eat, cont: spree), he (lit: drink, cont: drunk), piao (prostitute), du (gambling) and yan (smoking and opium). The so-called five negative habits are in any culture. It’s just that there are those who do not permit religious rules and there are those who forbid it by state rules.
Now China is unique, where other nations carry the name of religion to not allow five poisons in China to use state rules. Those who study Ru and Dao should know that the five poisons are inhibiting the use of Xian and junzi. So the five toxins are excesses of habit, not their own culture.
Throughout Chinese history, the kingdom has often sought to establish anti-gambling regulations. Of course with results that could be said to be nonexistent. Because self-government officials usually gamble (there are Han records that pronounce officials convicted of gambling).
Gambling is even the most popular among the poor. The majority of Chinese people throughout history are poor people who must work hard to live. Gambling is a very available escape because other entertainment drains money without the opportunity that money can return or generate money again.
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Commercialization of gambling itself opened in the Tang era while the various forms of the game began to be developed during the Song and reached its peak in the Ming period.
The rich people in Jiangnan (Kanglam) do not invest a little in the form of gambling houses. In Qing, Guangdong, and Fujian, two provinces were very prominent in gambling. And from there also some large Chinese Indonesians came from.
Regarding gambling at the castle wedding party, David Kwa once wrote that the purpose of gambling was to help the party holding the party. So the results of the betting are donated to family parties. If it is now another aim, it seems that it is cultural degradation.
People who hold weddings and mourning again often have activities that can be laden for a day or even two days and after that mourning can take more than two days? Now what people who want to look after are searching for. What entertainment is most suitable? Are they playing marbles? Well playing gamble, of course. In the past, when mourning was not placed in the house of mourning, but at home alone and even marriage was held at home. So it must dig volunteers into wanting to take part in escorting the house.
That’s the reason !! Not for collecting pots. Many are rich families if they hold a wedding or mourn there is a judicial program. Chinese-style gambling is unique, not a few who have to muster minds like mahjong who think more. The Hokie element certainly exists but not primarily. The most important thing is how to build the card that you get.
In the game “capsa” which can be said to be a big evolution of poker games. The game of thick poker is part of the gambling while in the “capsa” game all players must assume that they compose a card and listen to the opponent’s cards. Poker can play bluffing while capsa how to bully? Also pay attention to the dominoes originating from China, where cards that are thrown must still be counted. The derivative of this game called the cue or ceme is gambling.
In mainland China itself after the republic period, the gambling center shifted to Shanghai. After gongchandang came to power, large-scale gambling was repressed. But in the present time, listen, because there are already a few who have money to Macao or abroad to gamble. Also not a few are chasing gambling in other formats: stock exchanges and lotteries.