Four Factors of Someone’s Ethnicity According to Chinese People
Confused also distinguishes someone Chinese Full-blooded or Babah (descendants).
Some people assume that full-blooded is still the one who shoots directly, while the offspring are those who have sprung up here. Also, there were also colleagues who based on language (culture) as a measure to separate a full-blooded or hybrid person, those who still spoke Chinese (both Mandarin and dialect) were grouped as full-blooded, those who did not talk to Chinese were descendants. Likewise, those who always practice the Chinese tradition including full-blooded, the opposite of those who have forgotten the Chinese culture is hybrid.
However, the size turned out to be ambiguous too. Because the Chinese language that is used daily has not been slightly mixed or blended with local vocabulary, as pointed out by Hen Yung’s friend, that even though it still speaks Chinese, the Chinese community in Melaka uses Auntie and Uncle’s kinship, as does the Chinese community in West Kalimantan, also though they speak Hakka (khek) and Tio ciu, in their daily talks they are not often tucked into sayings like TAK KAN (won’t). SA BUN (soap) etc.
Likewise with tradition and culture, which allegedly as Chinese tradition turned out to be not 100% pure Chinese, had not adapted a bit to local traditions, for example, Cio Tao wedding ceremonies, Gambang Kromong music, cooking, and snacks, etc. already not a few local elements are contained in it.
However, on a daily basis, dialogues are often heard as follows: “Si A is even though both parents are still” imported, “but it seems that they are still not quite full compared to the B who has a Native grandmother, the proof is that he has wanted it Tiam Hio is again at home, while B’s let the combined blood still diligently go to the temple? ” or “Even though you can speak Mandarin, but the C seems to be still defeated by full-blooded and D, which even though you can’t get Mandarin, but still run the Chinese tradition”
Well, the terms “Full-blooded Lack” and “Kalah Full-blooded” in the dialogue above indicate that the paradigm of “FULL-BLOODED” and “HYBRID” is not absolute categories that demand Black-and-white assertiveness with a unique line of demarcation between this and that (This or That), but a symptom that graded between one pole (Full-blooded) and the other pole (Hybrid).
There are not a few variants and derivatives between the two poles. People do not uncommonly appoint examples of these variants that Indonesian Chinese are less full-blooded than Malaysian Chinese; and one of the Indonesian Chinese itself also has its gradations, for example, Medan Chinese or West Kalimantan Chinese more full-blooded than Chinese on Java. Even on the level of individual individuals can also be distinguished from the like-minded gradations shown through the dialogue above.
Then, the question is what is used as a benchmark to submit the verdict as above? Again, the criteria are culture (which includes language, tradition, etc.) as has been warmly debated by colleagues here. But not only that, similar to what some colleagues have stated, if the size is language (culture) then it is possible for those who are not Chinese but fluent in Mandarin to become more full-blooded than those who are still Chinese but (due to certain reasons) no longer cultured and speak Chinese !! ??
To emerge from the state of confusion, there is a theory that explains that one’s ethnicity is determined by 4 factors, namely BIOLOGICAL, CULTURAL, SELF IDENTIFICATION, and ACCEPTABILITY.
- BIOLOGICAL: One of the (and foremost) things that assess a person’s ethnicity is from the ethnic parents he was born with.
- CULTURAL: Different factors that are not less important are categorized into a group of ethnicities, “How little is the inheritance of the ancestors who are internalized into their souls.” This must be separated from those who are non-Chinese but through learning can master the habits and fluent Chinese language ， but it is not certain to inspire and carry the heritage of ancestral traditions.
- SELF IDENTIFICATION: This Self Identification is no less important to assess one’s ethnicity. This factor is closely related to the cultural matters above, the more and less Chinese heritage inherited in him, the more powerful his intention to identify himself as a Chinese is a social loyalty rounded up through collective memories of their culture, traditions, social patterns.
- ACCEPTABILITY: How high is acceptability (acceptance) of ethnic groups to someone who identifies themselves is one of the determinants of ethnicity.